Only one governor-general, Dame Quentin Bryce (20082014), has been a woman. received Ms Minoli Perera, Ambassador- designate to Zimbabwe. 87 following. The Governor General does things like opening parliament, and giving out awards on Australia Day. Write to the Governor-General or Government House at: Government House Dunrossil Drive YARRALUMLA ACT 2600 Tel: (02) 6283 3533 E-mail the Governor-General or Government House The Governor-General has some of the responsibility for ensuring that Australia is governed according to the rules set out in the Constitution. Lord Northcote was Governor of Bombay.  Bill Hayden declined the office on the grounds of his atheism, which was incompatible with the Scout Promise. Together with the Senate and the House of Representatives, the Governor-General is a part of the Australian Parliament. Sir Isaac Issacs had the esteemed honour of becoming the first Australian-born governor-general in 1931. Lord Dudley was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (19021905). Videos are posted by the Office of the Official Secretary to the Governor-General. The recipients have had a significant impact at the local, national and international level and are, quite simply, inspiring, the Governor-General said. Lord De L'Isle was Secretary of State for Air in Winston Churchill's cabinet from 1951 to 1955.  This view was also held by Senior Judge of the Supreme Court of Tasmania Andrew Inglis Clark, who, with W. Harrison Moore (a contributor to the first draft of the constitution put before the 1897 Adelaide Convention and professor of law at the University of Melbourne), postulated that the letters patent and the royal instructions issued by Queen Victoria were unnecessary "or even of doubtful legality". The first four governors-general were peers; Sir Ronald Munro Ferguson (appointed 1914) was the first commoner to hold the position, although he was also later elevated to the peerage. On 6 May 2021, when Morrison took the treasury and home affairs ministries with Hurley's approval, the governor general says in his program that he attended two ceremonies where Order of . As a result of decisions made at the 1926 Imperial Conference, the governor-general ceased to represent the British Government diplomatically, and the British right of supervision over Australian affairs was abolished. On other occasions royal assent has been given elsewhere. Scullin's proposed appointment of Sir Isaac Isaacs was fiercely opposed by the British government. I've spent the morning watching Hurley wander between tables of war widows (average age 81, according to the governor general), microphone in hand, leading them in song over cucumber and smoked . The Australian Government was merely asked, as a matter of courtesy, whether they approved of the choice or not. On Thursday 2 March 2023, His Excellency General the Honourable David Hurley AC DSC (Retd) presided at a meeting of the Federal Executive Council. The Governor-General acts on the advice of Ministers who are responsible to Parliament (and ultimately, through elections, the Australian people). The governor-general of Australia is the representative of the monarch, currently King Charles III, in Australia. David Hurley was appointed governor-general in 2019 By Tiffanie Turnbull BBC News, Sydney In the past fortnight, Australia has been gripped by revelations that former Australian Prime. Kerr determined that he had both the right and the duty to dismiss the government and commission a new government that would recommend a dissolution of the Parliament. Message from the Governor-General "Congratulations to the outstanding Australians recognised in today's Honours List. A number of governors-general have reserved royal assent for particular legislation for the Monarch. However, as the King lives in Britain, his powers are delegated to the Governor-General who lives in Australia. Since May 2013, the style used by a former governor-general is the Honourable; it was at the same time retrospectively granted for life to all previous holders of the office.. "Charles is our Head of State, and he will be welcomed here as would other members of the Royal Family at any time," the Prime Minister said. A biography for the Governor-General can be found on the Governor-General's website. Welcome to the page of the Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia. For any requests relating to the booking of school tours of Government House, Canberra please use ouremail formand selectSchool Bookings. Please read ourPrivacy Statement, The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia, The Office of the Official Secretary to the Governor-General, E-mail the Governor-General or Government House, Her Excellency Mrs Linda Hurley's biography, Receiving a congratulatory message from the Governor-General, The Governor-General's Official residences. , In addition to the formal constitutional role, the governor-general has a representative and ceremonial role, though the extent and nature of that role has depended on the expectations of the time, the individual in office at the time, the wishes of the incumbent government, and the individual's reputation in the wider community. Quentin Bryce's salary was $394,000. Tel: (02) 6283 3604  There is also a tropical version made of white tropical wool cut in a typical military fashion worn with a plumed helmet.  There is some ambiguity with regard to the role of the governor-general in declarations of war. The salutation for a letter should be "Your Excellency" or "Dear Governor-General". In 1947, Labor appointed a second Australian Governor-General, William McKell, who was in office as the Labor premier of New South Wales. Through her private secretary, she wrote that she "has no part in the decisions which the Governor-General must take in accordance with the Constitution". Sections 58 to 60 allow the governor-general to withhold assent, suggest changes, refer to the Monarch or proclaim that the Monarch has annulled the legislation.  The opposition Nationalist Party of Australia denounced the appointment as "practically republican", but Scullin had set a precedent. Follow. The governor-general is officially appointed by the monarch of Britain but is recommended by the prime minister of Australia. Sir Isaac Isaacs was successively Commonwealth Attorney-General, a High Court judge, and Chief Justice.  In 1961, Lord Dunrossil became the first and, to date, only governor-general to die while holding office. The first Governor-General, the Earl of Hopetoun, was a previous governor of Victoria. Three governors-general have resigned their commission. The Governor-General's ceremonial duties include: The Governor-General is in constant contact with the Australian people. attending the opening of a new Parliament and making a speech about what the new government intends to do, administering the oath of office to the Prime Minister, ministers, judges and other officials, meeting foreign heads of state and ambassadors. Form letters or emails generated as part of a broader campaign will not be responded to. Scullin was equally insistent that the monarch must act on the relevant prime minister's direct advice (the practice until 1926 was that Dominion prime ministers advised the monarch indirectly, through the British government, which effectively had a veto over any proposal it did not agree with). Lord Dunrossil (as William Morrison) was Speaker of the UK House of Commons. James Scullin (1930) became the first prime minister of Australia to exercise complete discretion in the appointment; his nomination of Sir Isaac Isaacs made Australia the first Dominion to have a native-born governor-general. The Governor of Queensland is the representative in the state of Queensland of the monarch of Australia.In an analogous way to the governor-general of Australia at the national level, the governor performs constitutional and ceremonial functions at the state level.In particular the governor has the power to appoint and dismiss the premier of Queensland and all other ministers in the cabinet . What is exercisable is original executive power: that is, the very thing vested in the Queen by section 61. The salutation for a letter addressed to the Governor-General and Mrs Hurley should be "Your Excellencies". In practice, they are Australias Head of State and have a range of constitutional and ceremonial duties.  By convention, the longest-serving state governor holds a dormant commission, allowing an assumption of office to commence whenever a vacancy occurs. These provisions make it clear that the Monarch's role in the parliament is in name only and the actual responsibility belongs to the governor-general. The following year, as Ronald Munro Ferguson's term was about to expire, Hughes cabled the Colonial Office and asked that the appointment be made in accordance with the memorandum. To mollify Hughes, Milner offered him a choice between three candidates. Should you wish to extend an invitation to the Governor-General and Mrs Hurley, please use ouremail formand selectInvitations. During these months, the person recommended is referred to as the governor-general-designate. Australia is a constitutional monarchy, which means that the King is our head of state. log in. After elections, or when a government loses or wins a majority in the Australian House of Representatives , the Governor General is the person who legally decides that the prime minister has the numbers to lead a government. Through our accessible, immersive, experiential programs and resources, the PEO fosters informed, engaged and active citizens of all ages. General the Honourable Sir Peter Cosgrove AK CVO MC (Retd) Sydney NSW. This gives the minister sweeping powers, including imposing restrictions or preventing the movement of people and goods between specified places, and evacuations. Scullin recommended the Australian jurist Sir Isaac Isaacs, and he insisted that George V act on the advice of his Australian prime minister in this matter. In the United Kingdom, the reserve powers of the monarch (which are typically referred to as the "royal prerogative") are not explicitly stated in constitutional enactments, and are the province of convention and common law. Permission should be sought from Office of the Governor-General for third-party or commercial uses of this image. The salutation for a letter addressed to the Governor-General and Mrs Hurleyshould be "Your Excellencies". "It will also provide an opportunity to look forwards and demonstrate the many ways the UK is working in partnership with France and Germany. Traditionally, the ceremony takes place in the Senate chamber. The events themselves are still contested: the performance . The Governor-General has an important role in the governing of Australia.  These oaths are administered by the chief justice of Australia or another senior judge.  In Australia, however, the powers are explicitly given to the governor-general in the constitution; it is their use that is the subject of convention.. The King and Queen Consort will first head to France on March 16, where they will undertake engagements in Paris and Bordeaux. The Governor-General is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Australian Defence Force. The Governor General is the Commander-in-Chief of the Australian Defence Force. The Governor-General, wearing a suit and medals on the left side of his chest, talks to people in a crowd. Find out more about our policy and your choices, including how to opt-out. The first female Governor-General was the Honourable Dame Quentin Alice Bryce AD, CVO, who served from 2008 to 2014. They had the right to "reserve" legislation passed by the Parliament of Australia: in effect, to ask the Colonial Office in London for an opinion before giving the royal assent. It is encouraging to see an increase in diversity in the Order of Australia. Dunrossil died in office on 3 February 1961. On this occasion the governor-general, Sir John Kerr, dismissed the government of Gough Whitlam when the Senate withheld Supply to the government, even though Whitlam retained the confidence of the House of Representatives.  Since 1 July 2019, the governor-general has been General David Hurley.. A temporary vacancy also occurred in 2003 when Peter Hollingworth stood aside. After Scullin's defeat in 1931, non-Labor governments continued to recommend British people for appointment as governor-general, but such appointments remained solely a matter between the Australian government and the monarch. The Governor-General of Australia is the representative in Australia of Australia's head of state, Charles III. Sir Matthew Nathan, Governor of Queensland from 1920 to 1925, was Australia's only Jewish governor until the appointment of Linda Dessau as Governor of Victoria in 2015. A second Australian (William McKell) was appointed in 1947; he was followed by three more Britons, each chosen by Sir Robert Menzies. visiting places hit by national disaster, such as floods or fire. The current Governor-General is David Hurley . An "administrator of the government" in Canada is a constitutional practice where an individual is empowered to perform the functions of the office of the governor general if the governor general is incapable of rendering their constitutional duties, or if the position of Governor General is vacant following a resignation or death. They are appointed on the recommendation of the Prime Minister, usually for a term of 5 years. Each recipient has something in common someone nominated them. Lachlan Macquarie, (born January 31, 1761, Ulva, Argyllshire, Scotlanddied July 1, 1824, London, England), early governor of New South Wales, Australia (1810-21), who expanded opportunities for Emancipists (freed convicts) and established a balance of power with the Exclusionists (large landowners and sheep farmers). In 1920, Billy Hughes became the first prime minister to be consulted over the governor-generalship. ", The 1988 Constitutional Commission report explained: "the governor-general is in no sense a delegate of the Queen. The right of governors-general to make state visits was confirmed at the 1926 Imperial Conference, as it was deemed not feasible for the sovereign to pay state visits on behalf of countries other than the United Kingdom. Stonehaven left for England on 2 October 1930. The royal assent brings such laws into effect, as legislation, from the date of signing. The Governor-General of Australiais addressed as His/Her Excellencydenoting his/her rank the vice-royal representative of the monarchto a Commonwealth nation. The salary of the governor-general was initially set by the constitution, which fixed an annual amount of A10,000 until the parliament decided otherwise. In 1989, Bill Hayden, a republican, declined appointment to the British Privy Council and any imperial honours. According to William McMahon, Harold Holt considered having Lord Casey dismissed from the governor-generalship, and went as far as to have the necessary documents drawn up. The Governor-General is leader of the Executive Council and Commander-in-Chief of the Australian Defence Forces . Later, the Governor-General and Mrs Hurley received Mr Gary Meyers, Ambassador, St Vincents Hospital, on the completion of Mr Meyers walk from Sydney to Canberra. Until 2015, the honour continued after the retirement from office of the governor-general. After the initial confusion of the Hopetoun Blunder, he appointed the first prime minister of Australia, Edmund Barton, to a caretaker government, with the inaugural 1901 federal election not occurring until March. Hopetoun left for England on 17 July 1902. Sort By: Good Essays. It is generally held that the governor-general may use powers without ministerial advice in the following situations: The use of the reserve powers may arise in the following circumstances: The above is not an exhaustive list, and new situations may arise. B. M. Hertzog, who had recently insisted on his choice of the Earl of Clarendon as governor-general of that country, and the selection of an Irishman as governor-general of the Irish Free State. The Governor-General is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Australian Defence Force. Governor-general's role. Menzies's fourth nomination was Richard Casey, who took office in 1965; he and all subsequent governors-general have been Australian citizens. She was the first woman to be the Governor-General. Free shipping for many products! It is also, in the same section, declared to be "exercisable" by the Governor-General as the Queen's representative. Answer (1 of 7): Firstly anyone with that ambition will be unsuitable for the job and will miss out. Then, the Governor-General, as Chancellor of the Order of Australia and Her Excellency Mrs Linda Hurley, invested Air Marshal Kevin Short AO, Chief of the New Zealand Defence Force. , The powers of command-in-chief are vested in the governor-general rather than the "Governor-General in Council", meaning there is an element of personal discretion in their exercise. Become an expert in teaching about the Australian Parliament with our curriculum-aligned education. The independence of the office is highlighted by changes which have been made in recent years to the Royal Instruments relating to it.  The monarch then permits the recommendation to be publicly announced, usually several months before the end of the existing governor-general's term. They go above and beyond, are from all over the country, and contribute every day in every way imaginable. Sir, "David Hurley named next governor general of Australia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_governors-general_of_Australia&oldid=1140852633, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License 3.0, This page was last edited on 22 February 2023, at 02:42. In 2003, Archbishop Peter Hollingworth voluntarily stood aside while controversial allegations against him were managed, and the letters patent of the office were amended to take account of this circumstance. Hosting visiting Heads of State and other prominent visitors to Australia, Receivingthe credentials of newly appointed Ambassadors and High Commissioners to Australia, Through Federal Executive Council, appointing the Chief of Defence Force and Service Chiefs, Commissioning officers in the Navy, Army and Air Force, Presenting Colours, Banners and other Honours to military units and personnel, Visiting military units to acknowledge the service of service personnel. Australia has had 26 Governors-General. During Elizabeth II's 2011 visit to Australia, she and the Duke of Edinburgh were driven in a Range Rover Vogue.  Since then, all but one of the governors-general have been Australian-born; the exception, Sir Ninian Stephen, arrived in Australia as a teenager. The Governor-General encourages, articulates and represents the things that unite Australia as a nation. Australia will be represented at the coronation of King Charles III by Prime Minister Anthony Albanese and Governor-General David Hurley, it has been confirmed. The annual salary during Michael Jeffery's term was $365,000. Sir John Kerr resigned in 1977, with his official reason being his decision to accept the position of Australian Ambassador to UNESCO in Paris, a post which ultimately he did not take up, but the resignation also being motivated by the 1975 constitutional controversy. 48.7K followers. On 29 November, the King agreed to Isaacs's appointment, but made it clear that he did so only because he felt he had no option. In recent decades the typical term of office has been five years. Despite these precedents, George V remained reluctant to accept Scullin's recommendation of Isaacs and asked him to consider Field Marshal Sir William Birdwood. Appointment The Governor-General is appointed by the Crown, in practice on the advice of Australian Ministers of the Crown. I've been invited to his coronation, on the first Saturday in May, I will attend along with the Governor-General, with other guests as well who have been invited by the Palace," he said. The first female Governor-General was the Honourable . On this Wikipedia the language links are at the top of the page across from the article title. The governor-general travels in a Rolls-Royce Phantom VI limousine for ceremonial occasions, such as the State Opening of Parliament. He later stepped down over the church's handling of allegations of sexual abuse of boys, for which he apologised before the Royal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse in 2016. He spent much of his retirement in Europe but returned to Australia several times in the 1980s . The usual wording of official announcements of this nature read "The King has been pleased to appoint ", but on this occasion the announcement said merely "The King has appointed ", and his private secretary (Lord Stamfordham) asked the Australian solicitor-general, Sir Robert Garran, to make sure that Scullin was aware of the exact wording. Governor-General of Australia The official Instagram account of His Excellency General the Honourable David Hurley AC DSC (Retd) www.gg.gov.au. Individual items of correspondence of this type will not be brought to the attention of the Governor-General and senders should not expect a reply. Quentin Bryce's appointment was announced during her term as Governor of Queensland; she had previously been the Federal Sex Discrimination Commissioner.  However, an Australian governor-general did not exercise that right until 1971, when Paul Hasluck visited New Zealand. Australia's Governor-General David Hurley has contracted COVID-19 and is experiencing mild symptoms, a spokesperson says. All the governors-general until 1965 were British-born, except for Australian-born Sir Isaac Isaacs (19311936) and Sir William McKell (19471953).  Hasluck's successor John Kerr made state visits to eight countries, but Kerr's successor Zelman Cowen made only a single state visit to Papua New Guinea as he wished to concentrate on travelling within Australia. Congratulations to the outstanding Australians recognised in todays Honours List. Dame Quentin Bryce was the first governor-general to have had no prior title or pre-nominal style. Macquarie joined the British army as a boy and served in North America . ", As early as 1901, the authoritative commentary by Quick and Garran had noted that the governor-general of Australia was distinguished from other Empire governors-general by the fact that "[t]he principal and most important of his powers and functions, legislative as well as executive, are expressly conferred on him by the terms of the Constitution itself not by Royal authority, but by statutory authority". 48.7k Followers, 87 Following, 826 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from Governor-General of Australia (@gg_australia) gg_australia. The Governor-General of Australia is a powerful person in the country. These duties include: There are 2 official residences that can be used by the Governor-General and their family: The first Governor-General was the Right Honourable John Adrian Louis Hope, 7th Earl of Hopetoun, who served from 1901 to 1903. The reserve powers are, according to the Constitution of Australia: Those powers are generally and routinely exercised on ministerial advice, but the governor-general retains the ability to act independently in certain circumstances, as governed by convention. The first Australian-born Governor-General was the Right Honourable Sir Isaac Alfred Isaacs, who served from 1931 to 1936. All times AEDT (GMT +11). Until 1989, all governors-general were members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom and thus held the additional style The Right Honourable for life. Gorton agreed to put the matter to his ministers, and a cabinet meeting agreed that troops should only be called out if requested by the territory's administrator; this did not occur. The governor-general also has a ceremonial role: hosting events at either of the two official residencesGovernment House in the capital, Canberra, and Admiralty House in Sydneyand travelling throughout Australia to open conferences, attend services and commemorations, and generally provide encouragement to individuals and groups who are contributing to their communities. The Governor-General has specific constitutional and statutory powers. In 1976, the letters patent for the order were amended to introduce the rank of Knight and Dame to the order, and from that time the governor-general became, ex officio, the Chancellor and Principal Knight of the order. 26. "And I know that when I met with King Charles, we had a discussion about a visit, and I of course conveyed that he would always be welcomed here.". He was appointed in July 1900, returning to Australia shortly before the inauguration of the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January 1901. The first female governor-general, Quentin Bryce, took office in 2008. Under the Australian Constitution, the only action performed by The King is the appointment of the Governor-General (on the advice of the Australian Prime Minister). The Governor-General engaging in ceremonial duties. At the start of Chapter 2 on executive government, the constitution says "The executive power of the Commonwealth is vested in the Queen and is exercisable by the Governor-General as the Queen's representative". Each state has a governor, who is appointed by the King on the advice of the Premier (head of government) of that state. In the face of this provision, I feel it is difficult to contend that the Queen, even though present in Australia, may exercise in person functions of executive government which are specifically assigned by the constitution to the Governor-General. She was in office when, on 19 March 2014, Elizabeth II, acting on the advice of Prime Minister Tony Abbott, amended the letters patent of the Order of Australia to provide, inter alia, that the governor-general would be, ex officio, Principal Knight or Principal Dame of the order. , The monarch chose not to intervene during the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis, in which Governor-General Sir John Kerr dismissed the Labor government of Gough Whitlam, on the basis that such a decision is a matter "clearly placed within the jurisdiction of the Governor-General". opening and attending national and international meetings and conferences, attending exhibitions and sporting events, attending functions as an official patron of organisations, visiting regions or areas to meet people involved in a particular group or industry. A governor-general is not appointed for a specific term, but is generally expected to serve for five years subject to a possible short extension. Buckingham Palace on Friday announced details of King Charles and Queen Consort Camilla's first overseas trip since assuming their titles after Queen Elizabeth's death. Lord Casey was Governor of Bengal in between his periods of service to the Australian Parliament. Theyre the first to show up and the last to leave. By convention, this may only be upon advice from the prime minister, who retains responsibility for selecting an immediate replacement or letting the vacancy provisions take effect. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Residence of Governor General Sydney Australia Unused Private Postcard H17 at the best online prices at eBay! A vacancy occurs on the resignation, death, or incapacity of the governor-general. The PEO acknowledges the traditional owners of country throughout Australia and their continuing The governor-general has a ceremonial role in swearing in and accepting the resignations of members of Parliament. Governor-General. The official cars of the governor-general fly the Flag of the Governor-General of Australia and display St. Edward's Crown instead of number plates. The Australia Day 2023 Honours List recognises and celebrates 1,047 recipients, including 736 in the General Division of the Order of Australia and awards for meritorious, distinguished and conspicuous service. The then leader of the Opposition, Robert Menzies, called McKell's appointment "shocking and humiliating". After consulting his cabinet he chose Henry Forster, 1st Baron Forster. - hear from some recipients. At the end of this initial term, a commission may be extended for a short time, usually to avoid conflict with an election or during political difficulties.. Afterwards, the Governor-General hosted a breakfast for The Honourable Patrick Gorman MP, Assistant Minister to the Prime Minister. The convention gradually became established throughout the Commonwealth that the Governor-General is a citizen of the country concerned, and is appointed on the advice of the government of that country.  Events surrounding the dismissal remain extremely controversial. Various governors-general had previously served as governors of an Australian state or colony: Lord Hopetoun (Victoria 18891895); Lord Tennyson (South Australia 18991902); Lord Gowrie (South Australia 192834; and New South Wales 19351936); Major General Michael Jeffery (Western Australia 19932000); Dame Quentin Bryce (Queensland 20032008); General David Hurley (New South Wales 20142019). However, Scullin stood firm, saying he would be prepared to fight a general election on the issue of whether an Australian should be prevented from becoming governor-general because he was Australian. The most important power is found in section 58: "When a proposed law passed by both Houses of Parliament is presented to the Governor-General for the Queen's assent, he shall declare that he assents in the Queen's name." Governor-General Read the Australia Day 2023 Honours list Attend the first ever 'Open Evening' at Government House on Friday 17 March from 3:00-7:00pm Subscribe to the new Order of Australia newsletter - Above and beyond - to learn about the amazing people recognised through the Order.